DAP with Infants and Toddlers

This week’s resource from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) describes Developmentally Appropriate Practice (DAP) with Infants and Toddlers. The brief article outlines various stages about how babies develop expectations about other people and themselves. For example:

  • Young infants (0 to 9 months) seek security.
  • Mobile infants (8 to 18 months) are eager to explore.
  • Toddlers (16 to 36 months) are working on their identity; they want to know who they are and who’s in charge.

The resource also provides links you may find useful:

The concepts that comprise DAP are an excellent addition to your tool kit. We’re certain you’ll enjoy exploring this valuable resource.

The ICC-Recommended Early Start Personnel Manual (ESPM) describes core knowledge and role-specific competencies needed for early intervention service provision, incorporating current research and evidence in the field of early intervention. To access the ESPM, click here.

This resource is related to the following ESPM knowledge-level competencies:

Core Knowledge (CK):

  • CK4: The range of typical infant/toddler physiological factors such as:
  • Early neurological/brain development
  • Basic health and nutrition
  • Physical growth and maturation
  • CK6: The sequences of development and the interrelationships among developmental areas/factors, including:
  • Sensory and motor development
  • Sensory processing
  • Receptive and expressive communication skills, including second language acquisition
  • Cognitive skills such as attention, perception, motivation, initiation, problem solving, concept formation, memory and learning
  • Social development
  • Emotional development and resiliency, including the development of attachment and trust, and self-regulation
  • Self-help skills and adaptive behavior
  • Temperament

Individualized Family Service Plan Development and Review (IFSP-i):

  • IFSP-i2 (EIS): Understands the individual nature of child learning styles and the importance of adapting intervention strategies.
  • IFSP-i3 (EIS): Knows generic and specific evidence-based early intervention strategies to support all areas of development.
  • IFSP-i6 (EIS): Understands the need for developmentally appropriate strategies (for example, hands-on, experiential, child-centered, play-based activities within daily routines), adaptations, assistive technologies and other supports that maximize the child’s learning opportunities.
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